from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Any of a group of languages spoken in the Urals that, along with Finno-Ugric, make up the Uralic language group.
- adj. Of or pertaining to these languages.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the Samoyeds.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the Uralic languages spoken by the Samoyed in northwestern Siberia
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Of course, these nomadic peoples dont even all speak Russian! they have their own native tongues and now even the Russian peoples call them by their different tribes, rather than "Samoyedic", but the dog name stuck!!
:) Here you go: apparently, "Samoyed" as a dog name came up b / c the various nomadic & reindeer herding peoples of Russia were / are 'Samoyedic' peoples and they were the "samoyed dogs".
For those who buy into Nostratic or Indo-Uralic there's a possible cognate in Uralic, *t, which is used to form participles and infinitives in Finnic, Saami, Ob-Ugrian, and Samoyedic.
Note that Juha Janhunen would reconstruct these a little differently based on his intriguing comparisons with Samoyedic and quite frankly I prefer his system.
*ŋ is indeed indirectly deduced here, as aside from *ŋk it is directly supported only by Ugric and Samoyedic data AFAIK.