Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Roman Mythology The god of agriculture.
  • n. The sixth planet from the sun and the second largest in the solar system, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 29.5 years at a mean distance of about 1,426,000,000 kilometers (886,000,000 miles), a mean diameter of approximately 120,000 kilometers (74,000 miles), and a mass 95 times that of Earth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The god of fertility and agriculture, equivalent to the Greek Kronos.
  • proper n. The second largest planet in Earth's solar system, famous for its large rings and until recent times the furthest known; represented in astronomy and astrology by ♄.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of the elder and principal deities, the son of Cœlus and Terra (Heaven and Earth), and the father of Jupiter. The corresponding Greek divinity was Kro`nos, later CHro`nos, Time.
  • n. One of the planets of the solar system, next in magnitude to Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. Its diameter is seventy thousand miles, its mean distance from the sun nearly eight hundred and eighty millions of miles, and its year, or periodical revolution round the sun, nearly twenty-nine years and a half. It is surrounded by a remarkable system of rings, and has eight satellites.
  • n. The metal lead.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An ancient Italic deity, popularly believed to have appeared in Italy in the reign of Janus, and to have instructed the people in agriculture, gardening, etc., thus elevating them from barbarism to social order and civilization.
  • n. The most remote of the anciently known planets, appearing at brightest like a first-magnitude star.
  • n. In alchemy and old chemistry, lead.
  • n. In heraldry, a tincture, the color black, when blazoning is done by means of the heavenly bodies. See blazon, n., 2.
  • n. The thickness of the ring is considerably less than a hundred miles. Its plane is inclined 7° to the planet's equator and 28° 10’ to the earth's orbit. When Saturn appears in the hind legs of Leo or the water of Aquarius, we see the rings edgewise, and they pass out of sight, remaining invisible as long as the sun shines upon the side away from us, for the ring only shows by the reflected light of the sun. They are best seen when the planet is in Taurus and Scorpio. As soon as Saturn was examined with a telescope (by Galileo), it was seen to present an extraordinary appearance; but this was first recognized and proved to be a ring by Huygens in 1659. In 1674 J. D. Cassini saw the separation between rings A and B, which is hence called the Cassinian division. (It has also been erroneously called Ball's division.) The dusky ring was discovered in 1850 at Cambridge, Massachusetts, by G. P. Bond. The ring was first assumed to be solid. Laplace showed that, upon that assumption, it must be upheld by the attractions of the satellites. B. Peirce in 1851 demonstrated the ring to be fluid—that is, to consist of vast numbers of particles, or small bodies, free to move relatively to one another. This had been suggested by Roberval in the seventeenth century. See cut on preceding page.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (Roman mythology) god of agriculture and vegetation; counterpart of Greek Cronus
  • n. a giant planet that is surrounded by three planar concentric rings of ice particles; the 6th planet from the sun

Etymologies

Middle English Saturnus, from Old English, from Latin Sāturnus, of Etruscan origin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English Sætern, from Latin Saturnus, probably of Etruscan origin, plausibly influence by Latin satus, past participle of serere ("to sow"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Mr. Guettel's elegiac work, first performed under the title "Saturn Returns" and seen only briefly in concert in New York in 1998, was not originally fashioned as a book musical.

    NYT > Home Page

  • The stars generally became to them the visible manifestations and agents of divine power, especially the seven most conspicuous heavenly bodies: the Moon, whom they particularly honored, as the ruler of night and the measurer of time, the Sun and the five planets then known, those which we call Saturn,

    Chaldea From the Earliest Times to the Rise of Assyria

  • If some Richard Branson-ite zillionaire starts carrying wealthy space-tourists to the rings of Saturn, is that really

    EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Eric Gregory

  • And if you want some animated examples: Robotech, the first Daedelus Manouver engagement in Saturn's rings and the climactic battle with the Zentradi as the Earth (literally) burns.

    Question of the Day: What Are The Coolest SF Space Battles You've Seen?

  • Part 2 of “Bug Brothers Forever. ” The eclipse of Saturn is coming fast, and that means the ancient bug god Kheperon is ready to return to Earth.

    DC Comics for May 2008 | Major Spoilers - Comic Book Reviews and News

  • Big as in Saturn V or Ares V (Atlas, Titan, Delta, Falcon are not considered "big").

    Downplaying Internal Doubts About Ares - NASA Watch

  • Saturn is a real car brand, but was created by GM to appeal to the consumer who gravitates towards the import car market.

    Ernest Gallo, behavioral economist | Dr Vino's wine blog

  • I knew that, astrologically, the planet we called Saturn was ruled by Capricorn, and together they symbolized the settling of accounts.

    Arcane Circle

  • Well, it turns out that an accurate ephemeris (position table) of Saturn is useful for solar system tests of general relativity, predicting future occultations and eclipses, and navigation of spacecraft.

    Archive 2009-01-08

  • Since the distance from Cassini to Saturn is known with incredible accuracy for the mission plan, they can then measure the position of Saturn with high accuracy.

    URSI Update #2

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