from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • A province of east-central China crossed by the Wei He. One of the earliest cultural and political centers of China, the province is densely populated and highly industrialized. Xi'an is the capital. Population: 35,300,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. a north-central province of the People's Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Mandarin 陕西. By regular Hanyu Pinyin rules, if tone marks are not written, both Shaanxi and the neighbouring province of Shanxi, to the east of Shaanxi, should be spelled "Shanxi"; the difference is in tone: Shānxī and Shǎnxī. To make the difference clear without tonal marks, the spelling "Shaanxi" was contrived (following the Gwoyeu Romatzyh romanization system developed by Yuen Ren Chao in 1925-1926) for the province of Shǎnxī, while "Shanxi" is used for the province of Shānxī. Shaanxi is the official romanization used on the Chinese Government's official Web portal. This makes "Shaanxi" the only name of Chinese provinces that has not been romanized according to pinyin rules.


  • The attack took place in Shaanxi province, the Xinhua news agency said.

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  • "Lu Xirong, head of a South China tiger research team in Shaanxi, said the photos proved that wild south China tigers still exist in China."

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  • A member of the Chao clan of Gelao village in Shaanxi province was paying her respects recently to a newly buried female relative.

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  • It is interesting that provinces, such as Shaanxi, are now struggling to claim their Chineseness either by tracing their ancient Chinese tradition, or by emphasizing their multiethnicity, such as Guizhou, as Oakes has noticed. 252 Indeed Yunnan is making a similar claim, by citing its multiethnic culture in its effort to attract more resources internally and internationally.

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  • In many parts of the country, especially in the rural areas such as Shaanxi, Gansu,

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  • Now when Chairman Mao returned from "Shaanxi," the "Seattle 'of China, sporting a new nation in 1949, he in Draconian fashion eliminated a reported five million opium addicts.

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  • Western provinces such as Shaanxi continue to witness rural incomes in the range of $300 per year—the World Bank’s standard of extreme poverty.

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  • A landslide caused by heavy rain plowed into two small factories in northwestern China's Shaanxi province, killing at least 10 people, Xinhua reported.

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  • Tao Ming/Xinhua/Zuma Press Firefighters participated in a fire drill held as a celebration for the 84th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army in northwest China's Shaanxi province Monday.

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  • Rooney Chen/Reuters A woman balanced the 'Yue Ya Chan', a traditional Chinese pole weapon, on her head as she exercised in a park in Xi'an, China's Shaanxi province, Tuesday.

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