from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • Mughal emperor of India (1628–1658) whose reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal art and architecture. He had the Taj Mahal built as a memorial to his favorite wife.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun Mogul emperor of India during whose reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture were built (including the Taj Mahal at Agra) (1592-1666)


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  • When his wife, Mumtaz, died in 1631, Shah Jahan was grief-stricken, so much so that, according to one observer, he "gave up the practice of plucking out grey hair from his beard".

    Great dynasties of the world: The Mughals

  • Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal to remember his wife – and of course himself; the unlikable Nicholas van Hoogstraten decrees that when he goes his mansion is to be dedicated to his memory.

    For posterity's sake

  • The fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan 1592-1666, was more like his grandfather Akbar and his great-great-grandfather Babur: a schemer, a man of grand plans and ideas.

    Great dynasties of the world: The Mughals

  • Shah Jahan's rule ended with a war of succession between his sons, in which Aurangzeb 1618-1707 emerged triumphant.

    Great dynasties of the world: The Mughals

  • Most of the women knew better than to credit the rumors about Shah Jahan and Jahanara.

    Shadow Princess

  • The second terrace, unseen from here, was the Diwan-i-khas, again not the Hall of Private Audience as such but a garden for Shah Jahan to meet with a few privileged nobles.

    Shadow Princess

  • There were other stories—of men smuggled into the harem for their pleasure, of an injunction against their ever being married, of rumors about the love Shah Jahan had for Jahanara, and, finally, the fact that each of these women championed a different brother as the next Emperor.

    Shadow Princess

  • Two months later, Shah Jahan gave Aurangzeb the governorship of Gujarat and told him to stop his aimless wanderings around the Empire and settle down to his duty.

    Shadow Princess

  • Remembering the first fakir, who had so fortuitously given him two apples for his wife in the midst of a broiling summer, Shah Jahan summoned this man into the zenana and ordered him to make good on his promises.

    Shadow Princess

  • The women around—midwives and slaves—melted away to make themselves inconspicuous as Shah Jahan bent perfunctorily over the child.

    Shadow Princess


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