from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • A city of south-central Kazakhstan north of Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Founded in the 12th century, it was taken by Russia in 1864. Population: 513,000.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Mantrov-kz reports on his recent ride in a taxi in his town called Shymkent in the poorest southern part of Kazakhstan, when he was shocked by the sincerity of the cabman [ru]:

    Fears of Aggravation of Crisis

  • Uzbekistan has virtually no international oil pipeline infrastructure except for a pipeline linking the Kazakhstani Shymkent refinery to the Chardzhou refinery in northeastern Turkmenistan.

    Energy profile of Central Asia

  • Other major cities include Shymkent, Semey, Aqtöbe, and Öskemen. —continue at Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.


  • The three refineries in Atyrau, Pavlodar and Shymkent are still unable to meet domestic demand and export requirements, which explains why Kazakstan still imports a quarter of the fuel and lubricants it consumes from Russia, where these items cost more.

    Kazaks Struggle With Oil and Food Prices

  • This pipeline snakes through Uzbekistan before reaching Shymkent, crosses Kyrgyzstan, and terminates in Almaty.

    Energy profile of Kazakhstan

  • The refining sector in Kazakhstan has three major oil refineries supplying the northern region (at Pavlodar), western region (at Atyrau), and southern region (at Shymkent), with total crude oil refining capacity of 345,093 bbl/d.

    Energy profile of Kazakhstan

  • The refinery at Pavlodar is supplied mainly by a crude oil pipeline from western Siberia (since Russian reserves are well placed geographically to serve that refinery); the Atyrau refinery runs solely on domestic crude from northwest Kazakhstan; and the Shymkent refinery currently uses oil from Kazakh fields at Kumkol, Aktyubinsk, and Makatinsk, although it is linked by pipeline to Russia.

    Energy profile of Kazakhstan

  • The lack of internal pipelines connecting Kazakhstan's natural gas-producing areas to the country's industrial belt (between Almaty and Shymkent) has hampered the development of natural gas resources.

    Energy profile of Kazakhstan

  • (Aqtau; formerly Shevchenko), Ongtustik Qazaqstan (Shymkent),

    The 2000 CIA World Factbook

  • Shymkent, the town where the four Kazakh crew members come from, is a dismal outpost full of ramshackle houses and kebab shops.

    The St. Petersburg Times


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