from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Solanaceae — many plants such as the tomato, potato, aubergine and the nightshades; most are poisonous.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A genus of plants comprehending the potato (S. tuberosum), the eggplant (S. melongena, and several hundred other species; nightshade.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of gamopetalous plants, type of the order Solanaceæ, the nightshade family, and tribe Solaneæ
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. type genus of the Solanaceae: nightshade; potato; eggplant; bittersweet
Sorry, no etymologies found.
What is referred to as Solanum nigrum in this book may well be a complex of species and their various forms which can be termed the Solanum nigrum complex.
Although cultivated potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) originated in Peru, the late blight fungus appears to have originated in the Toluca Valley of Mexico (just west of Mexico City) where it is found in several related wild-growing Solanum tubers.
Solanum caule inermi herbaceo, foliis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus, for example, became Solanum lycopersicum – that is, a tomato.
Weighing the evidence for and dating of a Solanum virus outbreak in early Egypt, archaeologist Renee Friedman and her colleagues look at clues from the past and establish protocols for containing cases in the future
Additional species include the following: Thamnoseris-Sanctambrosia manicata (Caryophyllaceae); Nesocaryum stylosum (Boraginaceae) - Frankenia vidalii and Solanum brachyantherum (Solanaceae) - Lycapsus tenuifolius.
These include Solanum brachyantherum, Eragrostis peruviana and Tetragonia macrocarpa.
Unlike the husk tomato, the true tomato, a member of the Solanum family, originated in South America, though archeological evidence indicated that it was domesticated in Mexico and Central America.
The desert raisin, a foot-high shrub with purple flowers and soft leaves, is actually a member of the tomato family, Solanum nemophilum.
In 1892, a British dig at Hierakonpolis unearthed a nondescript tomb containing a partially decomposed body, whose brain had been infected with the virus Solanum that turns people into zombies.
Added: There has been a positive ID on this perennial pepper, actually a Jerusalem Cherry, Solanum capsicastrum, by the very helpful Joseph of Greensparrow Gardens.