from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Thucydides 460?-400? B.C. Greek historian. Considered the greatest historian of antiquity, he wrote a critical history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A great ancient Greek historian and author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
As a historian, then, Thucydides is more trustworthy.
Indeed, The Peloponnesian War may well be the seminal work on international relations, even as Thucydides is venerated in the West as the founder of enlightened pragmatism in political discourse.
The striking parallel with Thucydides is in the decline in public debate in Athens and its ever more crazed imperial adventures, wiping out peoples (its murder of the men at Melos and enslavement of the women and children) and war against a large democracy - Syracuse - of which it was ignorant.
There is no element in Thucydides's account of Athenians being slow to fight.
Democracies, many classical Greeks believed, were slow to fight, but more effective when they fought (ancient memory suggests this assertion is somewhere in Thucydides, but I could not find the exact citation).
I say only that, relative to the standards of its time, there is a structured self-editing mechanism at work in Thucydides — yet another reason why he is especially pleasing to modern academic sensibilities, and why he has become the favored Greek among today’s policy elites.
More recently, Simon Hornblower has published the first installment Oxford, 1991 of a proposed two-volume A Commentary on Thucydides, which is planned to update, but not to replace, Gomme et al., incorporating more recent advances in archaeological discovery and modern secondary historical and philological research.
The title of the Chalcidian League was “the Chalcidians,” a term that Thucydides always employs save for one moment, after the Peace of Nicias, in which Athens sought the dissolution of the league 5.39.1.
The theory is that if all students read from the same original texts such as Thucydides and Aristotle, they'll have a common language for discourse across various disciplines.
_Fachmenschen_, of specialism and research-institutes and organized intellectual production, do you speak of Thucydides as a scientific historian?
The Legacy of Greece Essays By: Gilbert Murray, W. R. Inge, J. Burnet, Sir T. L. Heath, D'arcy W. Thompson, Charles Singer, R. W. Livingston, A. Toynbee, A. E. Zimmern, Percy Gardner, Sir Reginald Blomfield