from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A genus of trees, including the lindens, the basswoods and the lime tree.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin tilia ("linden tree")


  • Without a word Tilia marched across the Syrian carpet, her broad hips swinging under her green gown.

    The Saracen: The Holy War

  • Principal forest species include Scots pine Pinus silvestris, Norway spruce Picea abies, hornbeam Carpinus betulus, little-leaved lime Tilia cordata, oak Quercus robur, sycamore Acer platanoides, maple Acer spp., ash Fraxinus excelsior, downy and white birch Betula pubescens and B. verrucosa, aspen Populus tremula and black alder Alnus glutinosa.

    Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, Belarus

  • The pioneer and sub-canopy species is Chinese paper birch Betula albo-sinensis with a low tree layer of maple Acer and linden Tilia species.

    Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area, China

  • Elm, ash, gean, the wild cherry, and the rare native large-leaved lime, Tilia platyphyllos, also grow in these woods, and stripes of alder wood follow the swampy seepage from springs and wells higher up.


  • Characteristic tree species are Quercus mongolica, Tilia spp. and Corylus heterophylla.

    Huang He Plain mixed forests

  • Lower elevations and limestone/dolomite canyons have a Mediterranean vegetation type, where mixed evergreen (mainly Quercus ilex) and deciduous species (Quercus faginea, Q. pubescens, Tilia platiphyllos, Acer opalus) predominate.

    Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests

  • A representative example of Cedar of Lebanon forests in south Anatolia; area includes quite a large strict nature reserve Korcoban K. Maras Nature Reserve Ia 580 Euro-Siberian relict forest with Fagus orientalis, Tilia rubra, Ilex colchica, Buxus balearica Area lies in the Amanos Mountains, one of the most important centres of endemism in the ecoregion; contains relict forest types belonging to the "Northern Anatolia Conifer and Deciduous Forest Ecoregion".

    Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests

  • Lower elevations are characterized by mixed deciduous broadleaf forests (Q. robur, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia platyphyllos, T. cordata, Ulmus glabra, Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides).

    Cantabrian mixed forests

  • Thus, it is possible to find oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) forests with Euxinic lime (Tilia argentea), service tree (Sorbus graeca), maple (Acer spp.), Rhododendron ponticum, and Ilex colchica.

    Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests

  • Its main habitat was mixed conifer (Pinus koraensis, Abies holophylla) and deciduous broadleaf (Quercus mongolica, Tilia mandshurica) forests.

    Manchurian mixed forests


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