from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Relating to the ancient kingdom of
Urartuin the Armenian Highlandin eastern Anatolia.
- noun An inhabitant of
- proper noun The extinct language spoken by the
inhabitantsof Urartu. Related to Hurrian.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Wilhelm Gernot, 1995 "Suffixaufnahme in Hurrian and Urartian" Pp. 113-35 in Plank 1995, available online at:
Wait a moment, my idea is that pre-PIE or whatever name you want to use, even "Indo-Aegean" was an ergative language which used an ergative marker *-sV related to the Hurro-Urartian one.
It is one of the features of the so-called "Anatolian linguistic area" and exists in Hurrian, Urartian, Hittite and Luvian, namely in possessive constructions.
Octavià: "Wait a moment, my idea is that pre-PIE ... was an ergative language which used an ergative marker *-sV related to the Hurro-Urartian one."
After the invasion of the Armenians in the 6th century, the material culture regressed considerably and little survived of the Urartian civilization.
The chief Urartian deity was Haldi, a warrior god; the storm god was Teisheba (Hurrian Teshup) and his wife was Huba (Hebat).
Commagene and Melitene in southern Anatolia and Carchemish in Syria came under Urartian control, and Assyria became practically a vassal of Urartu.
Urartian architecture is noteworthy for the quality of its masonry, and its mountain-fortresses are impressive feats of construction.
After Shalmeneser's death, there was a civil war between two of his sons, which led to a period of Urartian domination.
Husbandry was also highly developed: Urartian cattle and sheep were famous for their high quality, and superb horses were raised.