from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The policies and authority of the papacy.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The doctrine of papal supremacy; views in support of the authority of the pope.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The doctrine of papal supremacy; extreme views in support of the authority of the pope; ultramontanism; -- a term used only by persons who are not Roman Catholics.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The theological and ecclesiastical system based on the doctrine of absolute papal supremacy; ultramontanism.
-- To compile and annotate a new volume of _Gleanings_, containing the _Quarterly_ Article on "Vaticanism," and the speech in support of the Ripon-plus-Russell Relief Bill.
Mr. Gladstone in writing his pamphlet on "Vaticanism".
Of course he accepted the dogmatic definitions; and in 1874 he defended the Church against Gladstone's charge that "Vaticanism" was equivalent to the latest fashions in religion (see his "Letter to the Duke of Norfolk").
"It is," remarked Mr. Gladstone to the writer above mentioned, with a wistful glance at the table where 'Vaticanism' and 'Juventus Mundi' were written, "A long time since I sat there."
Mr. Gladstone issued another pamphlet, entitled "Vaticanism; and Answers to Reproofs and Replies," He reiterated his original charges, saying:
A whole book has been written on his attitude towards the Church; in another section of this chronicle I have dealt at some length with his hostility to Pluralism, Sabbatarianism, Ritualism, and endeavoured to show how a generally tolerant and "hang theology" attitude was in the early 'fifties exchanged for one of fierce anti-Vaticanism.
Another ulterior consequence was the appearance of a pamphlet by Mr. Gladstone, entitled Vaticanism, in which the awful implications involved in the declaration of Infallibility were laid before the British public.
Dr. Schulte's pamphlet on the power of the Roman popes over princes, countries, peoples, and individuals, in the light of their acts since the reign of Gregory VII, was very similar in character to the Vaticanism pamphlet of Mr. Gladstone, and rested on just the same fundamental misunderstanding of the dogma of Papal Infallibility as defined by the Vatican Council.
Nothing could exceed the discord of vituperation, the Hebraism of Carlyle denouncing the Vaticanism of
It was broken again by the controversy about _Vaticanism_, in 1875, and some fifteen years later was happily revived by the good offices of a common friend.