from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A taxonomic subphylum within the phylum Chordata — animals with a backbone.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Latin vertere, to turn


  • Now the whole of these sub-kingdoms may be contrasted with the last and seventh, which bears the name Vertebrata, from which they all differ in several important particulars, and therefore they are often spoken of by the common and convenient term Invertebrata.

    The Common Frog

  • Mammals are then grouped with the classes of other backboned animals, such as reptiles, into a "subphylum," Vertebrata, which is part of the "phylum" Chordata, containing all animals which have a nerve chord at some time in their life cycle.

    Lazarus, Elvis, zombies and Jimmy Hoffa

  • These structures are the vertebrae, and for this reason the subphylum is called Vertebrata (vur'tih-bray'tuh) and its members commonly referred to as the vertebrates.

    The Human Brain

  • [34] The term "Vertebrata" denotes that large group of animals which are characterized by the possession of a spinal column, commonly known as the

    On the Genesis of Species

  • And here you have evidence of such a unity of plan among all the animals which have backbones, and which we technically call "Vertebrata".

    Lectures and Essays

  • And so definitely and precisely marked is the structure of each animal, that, in the present state of our knowledge, there is not the least evidence to prove that a form, in the slightest degree transitional between any of the two groups 'Vertebrata',

    Lectures and Essays

  • Finally, with respect to the 'Vertebrata', the same law holds good: certain types, such as those of the ganoid and placoid fishes, having persisted from the palaeozoic epoch to the present time without a greater amount of deviation from the normal standard than that which is seen within the limits of the group as it now exists.

    Lectures and Essays

  • 'Vertebrata', because they are much more like one another than either of them is to a worm, or a snail, or any member of the other sub-kingdoms.

    Lectures and Essays

  • For, as I have recently remarked in regard to the members of each great kingdom, such as the Vertebrata, Articulata, etc., we have distinct evidence in their embryological homologous and rudimentary structures that within each kingdom all the members are descended from a single progenitor.

    A Disclaimer for Behe?

  • Most members of the chordate phylum, those in the subphylum Vertebrata, replace the notochord with vertebrae (the backbone) later in development to support the pelvic and pectoral girdles (to which the front and hind limbs are attached) and to protect the spinal cord.

    Haeckel had a point - The Panda's Thumb


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