from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • The capital and largest city of Lithuania, in the southeast part of the country. Founded in the 10th century, it was frequently devastated by plagues, fires, and invasions from the 15th to the 18th century. Vilnius passed to Russia in 1795 and became a provincial capital (1801-1815). A center of Jewish learning in the 18th and 19th centuries, the city was occupied by Soviet troops in 1939 and by German troops from 1941 to 1944, during which time it was heavily damaged and the Jewish population exterminated. It became the capital of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1944 and of independent Lithuania in 1991. Population: 543,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The capital of Lithuania.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the capital and largest city of Lithuania; located in southeastern Lithuania


From Lithuanian, after the Vilnia River, from vilnis ("wave"). (Wiktionary)



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