from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- Greek soldier and writer. A disciple of Socrates, he joined Cyrus the Younger in an attack on Persia. After the death of Cyrus, Xenophon led the Greek troops to the Black Sea, an ordeal he recounted in Anabasis.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- proper noun
Athenian historianand philosopherborn 427 BCE and author of the Anabasis and Memorabilia. He was a pupilof Socratesand became a generalduring the Persianwars.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun Greek general and historian; student of Socrates (430-355 BC)
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
In the town of Sardis, within the satrapy of Lydia, the young philosopher-warrior Xenophon is about to embark on a most historic mission.
Under the orders of the young prince Cyrus of Persia, Xenophon is to travel into the harsh deserts with ten thousand men in an effort to take over all of Persia, giving Cyrus full reign over this arid land.
Profit is also found in Xenophon, Ovid, Thucydides, Cicero and Virgil.
Xenophon is a democrat kind of a guy, a liberal, a union man, with some experience participating at the precinct, and county caucus levels.
One example would be Strauss’ 1948 book On Tyranny, a study in Xenophon’s dialogue Hiero, in which Strauss embraces the concept of the philosopher-tyrant “who has committed any number of crimes” in the pursuit of the interests of his polis.
You are in DEEP TROUBLE when you are reading Matthew Arnold, and he is listing off a few Greeks, and when you see the name Xenophon, your mind exclaims, "THAT'S A REAL NAME?????"
Nehamas subjects Socrates to a far more telling reading of the same kind with no evidence beyond Plato and Xenophon, which is to say, as he recognizes, no evidence at all of any Socrates behind those texts.
Others were busy setting the place on fire; and they kept calling Xenophon by name: “Come out, Xenophon, and die like a man, or we will roast you alive inside.”
These they agreed to restore if he would not burn their houses, and to these terms Xenophon agreed.
Some Persic words may be found in Xenophon, and some Latin ones in Plutarch; and such is the inevitable effect of war and commerce; but the form and substance of the language were not affected by this slight alloy.] 79 The life of Francis
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