from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • Greek soldier and writer. A disciple of Socrates, he joined Cyrus the Younger in an attack on Persia. After the death of Cyrus, Xenophon led the Greek troops to the Black Sea, an ordeal he recounted in Anabasis.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun Athenian historian and philosopher born 427 BCE and author of the Anabasis and Memorabilia. He was a pupil of Socrates and became a general during the Persian wars.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun Greek general and historian; student of Socrates (430-355 BC)


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek Ξενοφῶν (Ksenophōn).


  • In the town of Sardis, within the satrapy of Lydia, the young philosopher-warrior Xenophon is about to embark on a most historic mission.

    2010 April 10 « The BookBanter Blog

  • Under the orders of the young prince Cyrus of Persia, Xenophon is to travel into the harsh deserts with ten thousand men in an effort to take over all of Persia, giving Cyrus full reign over this arid land.

    2010 April 10 « The BookBanter Blog

  • Profit is also found in Xenophon, Ovid, Thucydides, Cicero and Virgil.

    The Volokh Conspiracy » My Top 10 Most Influential Books:

  • Xenophon is a democrat kind of a guy, a liberal, a union man, with some experience participating at the precinct, and county caucus levels.

    Middle Earth Journal « Sphere Blog

  • One example would be Strauss’ 1948 book On Tyranny, a study in Xenophon’s dialogue Hiero, in which Strauss embraces the concept of the philosopher-tyrant “who has committed any number of crimes” in the pursuit of the interests of his polis.


  • You are in DEEP TROUBLE when you are reading Matthew Arnold, and he is listing off a few Greeks, and when you see the name Xenophon, your mind exclaims, "THAT'S A REAL NAME?????"

    Paraphrasing Book II of Paradise Lost

  • Nehamas subjects Socrates to a far more telling reading of the same kind with no evidence beyond Plato and Xenophon, which is to say, as he recognizes, no evidence at all of any Socrates behind those texts.

    Notes on 'Foucault and the Hedgerow History of Sexuality'

  • Others were busy setting the place on fire; and they kept calling Xenophon by name: “Come out, Xenophon, and die like a man, or we will roast you alive inside.”


  • These they agreed to restore if he would not burn their houses, and to these terms Xenophon agreed.


  • Some Persic words may be found in Xenophon, and some Latin ones in Plutarch; and such is the inevitable effect of war and commerce; but the form and substance of the language were not affected by this slight alloy.] 79 The life of Francis

    The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire


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