from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A customs union, specifically; a coalition of German states, formed in 1818 to manage customs and economic policies within their territories.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Literally, a customs union; specifically, applied to the several customs unions successively formed under the leadership of Prussia among certain German states for establishing liberty of commerce among themselves and common tariff on imports, exports, and transit.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A union of German states for the maintenance of a common tariff, or uniform rates of duty on imports from other countries, and of free trade among themselves.
- n. Hence A commercial union, or customs-union, in general; any arrangement between a number of states for regulating rates of duty with reference to their common benefit.
This "Zollverein" would then include about 175,000,000 individuals.
_Switzerland_ and _Holland_ can scarcely escape this attraction, and the _Scandinavian countries_, it is said, would probably find it to their advantage, together with a liberated _Finland_, to form a _Northern Customs Union_, which later, on an independent basis, could _enter in close union with the vast "Zollverein" of Central
As with the Bismark’s Customs Union, the so-called Zollverein, in order to manage this central fund, a “political instrument” is needed, in the form of a central government.
For example, the great German protectionist economist Friedrich List, whose ideas still influence policy from Berlin to Beijing today, was also an advocate of the German Zollverein or customs union.
And some of the places in the Ruhr area, the Gas-O-Meter in Oberhausen and the Zollverein mine complex in Essen (a Unesco World Heritage Site!), are really worth travelling to Germany for.
Indeed, List, who is commonly known as the father of the infant industry argument, in fact started out as a free-trader he was an ardent supporter of German customs union – Zollverein and learnt about this argument during his exile in the USA during the 1820s
The Zollverein, Friedrich List said, did away with more barriers to trade and national unity “than had been swept away by the political whirlwindsof the American and French Revolutions”—Edward Earl Meade, “Adam Smith, Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List: The Economic Foundations of Military Power,” in Makers of Modern Strategy: Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler, ed.
Remark her well: she is talking to Mr. Spout, the new Member for Jawborough, who is going out to inspect the operations of the Zollverein, and will put some very severe questions to Lord Palmerston next session upon
By 1844, the Zollverein included virtually the whole of Germany except German Austria, Hanover, Oldenburg, Mecklenburg, and the three Hanse cities.
The Zollverein may have had limited economic success by encouraging a wider market and the creation of railways, which stimulated industry.