Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective In ergative languages, of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb.
  • noun The absolutive case.
  • noun An absolutive inflection.
  • noun A nominal having an absolutive form.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective grammar Of or pertaining to the grammatical case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb’s action.

Etymologies

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Examples

  • But there is another common language type in the world called ergative-absolutive.

    Behind Bars | ATTACKERMAN

  • Healthy fact-based skepticism is not equal to toxic absolutive skepticism based on petty feeling.

    Blogger lynchmobs - Get out the pitchforks!

  • Healthy fact-based skepticism is not equal to toxic absolutive skepticism based on petty feeling.

    Archive 2009-10-01

  • Of course, that all begs the question as to whether the athematic nom. sg. ending *-s and athematic pronominal nom./acc. (better "abs." for absolutive) sg. ending *-d are indeed from postclitic demonstratives/articles, as opposed to coming from some other source(s).

    Precising on a new rule to explain Pre-IE word-final voicing

  • So I figure the best way to explain that is to propose a suppletive absolutive-ergative system for Nostratic as follows note that my intention is to conjecture for the sake of discussion:

    A ramble about the Nostratic pronominal system, part 2

  • Simply put, Dravidian could have opted to generalize the absolutive pronouns for both agents and patients of actions and thus PDr *yān

    Archive 2007-12-01

  • Also when I read Allan Bomhard or other Nostraticists, I try consciously to not get stuck into absolutive thinking and pre-judge people as either 100% kooky or 100% infallible.

    Allan Bomhard's "Toward Proto-Nostratic"

  • Simply put, Dravidian could have opted to generalize the absolutive pronouns for both agents and patients of actions and thus PDr *yān

    A ramble about the Nostratic pronominal system, part 2

  • Also when I read Allan Bomhard or other Nostraticists, I try consciously to not get stuck into absolutive thinking and pre-judge people as either 100% kooky or 100% infallible.

    Archive 2007-03-01

  • It appears that an extra element *-e has been added to this absolutive set at an early stage of PIE, perhaps to use it for transitive verbs by marking it with a dummy object nb.

    Archive 2007-12-01

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