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acetylglucosamine

Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun biochemistry An amide derivative of glucose that forms part of the peptidoglycan of bacterial cell walls

Etymologies

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Examples

  • Exoskeletons are made of the N-acetylglucosamine polymer known as "chitin."

    Dress or carapace? - A Dress A Day

  • Other sugar nucleotides such as uridine diphosphate acetylglucosamine and guanosine diphosphate mannose were also isolated.

    Luis Leloir - Biography

  • Glycopeptide isoforms consisted of pauci - or oligomannose, with and without fucose on N-acetylglucosamine (s) linked to asparagine residues.

    BioMed Central - Latest articles

  • N-acetylglucosamine; HAase, hyaluronidase; MALDI-TOF-MS, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry; MMP, matrix metalloprotease;

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  • In addition to phosphorylation, Sp1 also has multiple potential O-glycosylation sites that may be modified by N-acetylglucosamine residues

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  • The human UDP-GlcNAc transporter HFRC1 was overexpressed in human bronchial epithelial cells and was shown to localize in the Golgi and to enhance the surface expression of N-acetylglucosamine-rich glycans.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry current issue

  • NAGK (N-acetylglucosamine kinase) converts endogenous N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), a major component of complex carbohydrates, from lysosomal degradation or nutritional sources into GlcNAc 6-phosphate, as part of a catalytic salvage pathway.

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  • In studies on mice, Dr. Michael Demetriou and colleagues with the UC Irvine Center for Immunology found that N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) inhibited the growth and function of cells that incorrectly direct the immune system to attack specific tissues in the body, such as brain myelin in MS and insulin-producing cells of the pancreas in diabetes.

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  • O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) has been reported, but the modification site of

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

  • β - (1,4) - N-acetyl-glucosaminidases (NAGase), which cleave the N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) oligomers, generating NAG monomers.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

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