from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A specific name of several black animals
  • noun obsolete, mineralogy Any of various dark oxides or sulfides of metals


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek Αἰθίοψ (Aithiops), from αἴθω (aithō, "burn") + ὤψ (ōps, "face"). Compare Aethiops and Ethiopia.


  • There are 11 species of monkey including anubis baboon Papio anubis, diana monkey Cercopithecus Diana (EN), green monkey Cercopithecus aethiops, mona monkey C. mona, lesser white-nosed monkey C. petaurista, white collared mangabey Cercocebus torquatus lunulatus, black and white colobus Colobus polykomos and chimpanzee Pan troglodytes (EN).

    Comoé National Park, Côte d'Ivoire

  • Other primate species include black-and-white colobus Colobus guereza, red-tailed guenon C. ascanius schmidti, blue guenon C. mitis mitis, vervet C. aethiops, and olive baboon Papio anubis plus nocturnal prosimians.

    Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda

  • Vervet monkey Cercopithecus aethiops and chacma baboon Papio ursinus are common round the falls and lion Panthera leo (VU) and leopard P. pardus are occasionally seen.

    Mosi-oa-Tunya Victoria Falls, Zambia

  • Hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) are common in the woodlands throughout the ecoregion and both the blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis) and the vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) occur in the forests.

    South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic

  • The islands, peninsulas and gulfs provide a refuge for nine relict or endemic species: pygopodids Aclys concinna major, Aprasia haroldi and Pletholax gracilis edelensis, skinks Ctenotus youngsoni, C. zastictus, Egernia stokessi aethiops, Lerista maculosa and Menetia amaura.

    Shark Bay, Australia

  • Black rhino, buffalo, eland and warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) have been reintroduced, while natural populations of greater kudu, bushbuck, common duiker and springbuck (Antidorcas marsupialis) as well as chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas) and vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops) are common.

    Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets

  • Two different subspecies of the Cercopithecus superspecies are found in this ecoregion: the Djam-djam or Bale monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis, DD), which is restricted to the southern highlands and the black-faced vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops aethiops).

    Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands

  • More widespread primates that are typical of the open miombo formations are vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) and baboon (Papio hamadryas).

    Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands

  • Cercopithecus aethiops, along with those of the rhesus monkey, have been used to produce polio vaccines since the 1950s.


  • Cercopithecus aethiops, along with those of the rhesus monkey, have been used to produce polio vaccines since the 1950s.



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