from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A specific adaptation-product, the result of immunization, which unites the corresponding complement with the receptor of the cell or cellular product for which it has a special affinity. See
immunity. Also copula, desmon, fixator, immune body, intermediary body, preparator.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
This transformation, which takes place very fast with vibrios impregnated with the amboceptor or preparatory substance, implies their destruction.
But the microbes, impregnated with the amboceptor and the complement, fall an easy prey to the white corpuscles.
Ehrlich gave the name of amboceptor to the preparatory substance and the name of complement to that which destroys the microbes.
One has only to keep these elements for twenty hours to discover that at the end of that time they have become completely incapable of transforming the vibrios charged with the amboceptor.
In the case of the most fragile microbes, such as cholera vibrios and their kind, the combined action of the amboceptor and the complement leads to the destruction of the bacteria, whether accompanied or not by the granular transformation.
The action of the amboceptor is specific, that is, directed against a single species of bacterium only; the destructive power of the blood may be very great against a single bacterium species and have no effect on others.
The amount of amboceptor may increase in the course of infection and its formation stimulated, the amount of complement remains unchanged.
In the case of the destruction of bacteria in the blood by the action of amboceptor and complement, the amboceptor must be able to combine with both the bacterial cell and the complement which brings about its destruction, and just as antitoxine is formed so new amboceptors may be formed.
Immune body or amboceptor is the name given to a substance present in the serum of an infected animal that has successfully resisted inoculation with some particular micro-organism, and which possesses the power of linking the complement normally present in the serum to bacteria of the species used as antigen in such a manner that the micro-organisms are rendered innocuous, and ultimately destroyed.
_Hæmolysin_ (immune body, copula, sensitising body, amboceptor) is a