from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as anthocyanin.
- n. A red coloring matter developed in the young leaves of shade-loving plants when exposed to more light than they usually encounter.
- n. A preparation from the juice of the sweet or purple violet used in making syrup of violets and to color and flavor liquors. Also anthokyan.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Some observers have assumed that flowers owe their color to only two coloring matters, one of which is termed anthocyan, and the other anthoxanthine.
The complexity of the color is equally evident, whenever it is built up of constituents of the anthocyan and of the yellow group.
The anthocyan dye is limited to the sap-cavity of the cells, while the yellow and pure orange colors are fixed in special organs of the protoplasm.
Once present, the faculty of producing the anthocyan, the color in question, will come into activity wherever and whenever opportunity presents itself.
It is the cell-sap of the ordinary cell tissue or parenchyma, which is colored by the anthocyan, and for this reason all organs possessing this tissue, may exhibit the color in question.
The anthocyan dye is lacking in both organs, and the same is the case with the stems and the leaves.