Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A crystalline hydrocarbon, C14H10, extracted from coal tar and used in the manufacture of dyes and organic chemicals.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (an acene containing three fused rings) obtained from coal tar; used in the manufacture of wood preservatives, insecticides and the dye alizarin; it is isomeric with phenanthrene.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A solid hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A hydrocarbon (C14H10) found in coal-tar, and extracted from the last portion of the distillate from this substance by chilling and pressure.
  • n. A poisonous ptomaïne obtained from cultures of the anthrax bacillus.

Etymologies

Greek anthrax, anthrak-, charcoal + -ene.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek ἄνθραξ ("coal") +‎ -ene. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • From this tar are produced a pound of benzine, a pound of toluene, a pound and a half of phenol, six pounds of naphthalene, a small quantity of a material called xylene and half a pound of anthracene, which is used in dyeing.

    Golden Days for Boys and Girls, Vol. XIII, Nov. 28, 1891

  • The propose the work as proof-of-concept, but use a very artificial data set of only 12 crystal structures benzene and eleven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, like naphtalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, triphenylene, pyrene, perylene, and coronene.

    Archive 2007-08-01

  • He couldn't have known about the anthracene, but he must have guessed that a trap so complicated in some respects wasn't likely to be naive in others.

    Slay Ride

  • We sprinkled anthracene dust over every surface an intruder would touch and we waited at Fornebu to see if anyone would come. '

    Slay Ride

  • Kurt had sprinkled the room with anthracene dust, which clung invisibly to any clothes or flesh which touched it and showed up with fluorescence under a strong ultra violet light.

    Slay Ride

  • I. and AWAD, A.T. (1962) The identification of the anthracene derivatives of the leaves and pods of Cassia obovata grown in Egypt.

    Chapter 5

  • Vegetable purgatives containing anthracene derivatives.

    Chapter 5

  • It is also the name for an extensive series of chemical colours produced from anthracene, one of the coal tar hydrocarbons discovered in 1868.

    Vegetable Dyes Being a Book of Recipes and Other Information Useful to the Dyer

  • Similarly anthracene is used in the preparation of the dye

    An Elementary Study of Chemistry

  • Among the compounds present are the hydrocarbons, benzene, toluene, naphthalene, and anthracene.

    An Elementary Study of Chemistry

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