from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Counteracting a toxin or poison.
- adj. Of, relating to, or containing an antitoxin: an antitoxic serum.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. that counteracts a toxin or poison
- adj. of, or relating to an antitoxin
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Serving to inhibit or neutralize toxic action; having the character of antitoxin.
- n. An antitoxic remedy.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. counteracting a toxin or poison
Sorry, no etymologies found.
It has an anti-infectious action brought about by internal disinfection, but is, in this respect, in contrast to the anti-bacterial disinfectant treatment methods which, for example, can be carried out in laboratory experiments with the aid of the R. Pfeiffer's bacteriolysin; because its activity is only detoxication, we call it antitoxic.
The term "antitoxic" signifies that serum has the power of neutralizing the action of the toxin, as is shown by mixing them together outside the body and then injecting them into an animal.
He also showed that the toxin-antitoxin reaction is, as chemical reactions are, accelerated by heat and retarded by cold and that the content of antitoxin in antitoxic sera varied so much for various reasons that it was necessary to establish a standard by which their antitoxin content could be exactly measured.
I doubt whether it will ever be possible to establish artificially the antitoxic principle of serum therapy in diphtheria, without the aid of vital organization and secretion faculties.
With this example of antitoxic diphtheria therapy, I have attempted to enumerate for you the chief characteristics of serum therapy as a novum in therapeutics and as a progressive step in medicine.
I imagine, in fact, that, as regards chemical analysis, the antitoxic and the toxic protein stay exactly the same after detoxication as before; what changes is simply the activated condition; in the same way as the conductors of positive and negative electricity, before and after compensation of their active conditions, remain the same substances in terms of chemical analysis.
However this may be, no one doubts any more of the existence of a humoral therapy since antitoxic diphtheria therapy has found an assured place for itself in medicine.
In addition, a certain time must elapse from the injection of the serum until its antitoxic and healing activity in the affected parts of the body can develop.
The detoxicating, or as it is also called, the antitoxic serum therapy, is, on the other hand, humoral therapy.
Serum therapy in the form in which it finds application in the treatment of diphtheria patients is an antitoxic or detoxicating curative method.