from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Same as asper-artery.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Beth Chatto gave me "Late Windflower" and it has taken to the dappled shade under the Hydrangea aspera.

    Perfect peonies

  • In this habitat, aquatic plants such as Podostemon comata, P. aquirensis and Mourera aspera are found.

    Iguazú National Park, Argentina

  • The phrase ad astra, Latin for "to the stars", has several sources, but I know it from Seneca the Younger's per aspera ad astra through difficulties to the stars, which pretty much sums up the hopes behind almost any creative endeavor--or any one I've ever taken up, anyway.

    ad astra

  • Final Report: Yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera) predation on three commercial crab species (Chionoecetes opilio, C. Bairdi, and Paralithodes camtschatica) in the southeastern Bering Sea.

    Fisheries and aquaculture in the North Pacific (Bering Sea)

  • Associated lianas are Clematis cirrhosa, C. flammula, Smilax aspera, Tamus communis, Rubia peregrina, and Bryonia dioica.

    Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests

  • Lianas are also present, including Clematis cirrhosa, C. flammula, Smilax aspera, Tamus communis, Rubia peregrina, and Bryonia dioica.

    Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

  • The mountain is dominated by a woodland of wild olive Olea europea and fairly dense maquis of lentisc Pistacia lentiscus with Phillyrea angustifolia and Smilax aspera, also by open maquis with Euphorbia dendroides co-dominant on south-eastern slopes, and Juniperus phoenicea on northern slopes.

    Ichkeul National Park, Tunisia

  • Noteworthy species include Calotes liolepis, the rarest of all Agamids on the island, the rare rough-nose horned lizard Ceratophora aspera, restricted to part of Sri Lanka's wet zone, and Ramella palmata, a rare endemic microhylid.

    Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka

  • The terrestrial vegetation is still largely pristine, with very few exotics, although there are two substantial coconut groves at the principal landing sites, and Cordyline terminals and Aleurites moluccana have also been deliberately introduced, and Achyranthes aspera accidentally.

    Henderson Island, United Kingdom

  • Horn-nosed lizard (Cerataphora aspera), central Sri Lanka (Photograph by Rahula Perera)

    Sri Lanka montane rain forests


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