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- n. A type of steel formed after certain tempering processes
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Certain heat treatments alter the fine-scale structure of steel, creating a "phase" known as bainite - which has been known about since the 1930s.
A product of this type of process is bainite, an alloy that has been known since the 1930s.
Slide 8: Figure 12.3 Electron micrographs of (a) pearlite, (b) bainite, and (c) tempered martensite, illustrating the differences in cementite size and shape among these three microconstituents ( 7500).
At faster cooling rates, however, the microstructure almost fully transforms into martensite; increasing from approximately 15\% martensite, 85\% bainite / pearlite to 87\% martensite, 13\% bainite / pearlite at the highest cooling rate, based on a point-count method.
(with some bainite) microstructure, which explains the lower mechanical properties.