from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The scientific naming of species whereby each species receives a Latin or Latinized name of two parts, the first indicating the genus and the second being the specific epithet. For example, Juglans regia is the English walnut; Juglans nigra, the black walnut.
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- noun biology, taxonomy The
scientificsystem of namingeach speciesof organismwith a Latinizedname in two parts; the first is the genus, and is written with an initial capital letter; the second is some specific epithetthat distinguishes the species within the genus. By convention, the whole name is typeset in italics. The genus part is often abbreviatedto its initial letter e.g. H. sapiens for Homo sapiens
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