from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n.pl. Offerings, such as benefits or entertainments, intended to placate discontent or distract attention from a policy or situation.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Food and entertainment provided by the state.
Translation of Latin pānem et circēnsēs, a phrase coined by the Roman poet Juvenal : pānem, accusative singular of pānis, bread + et, and + circēnsēs, circus games.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
1914 translation of the Roman poet Juvenal's Latin remark panem et circenses ("bread and circuses"). ("Duas tantum res anxius optat, Panem et circenses" ) (Wiktionary)