from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A British orchid, Habenaria bifolia, growing in woods and open heaths. The great butterfly-orchis is H. chlorantha.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Flowers were scarce, and there were not many orchids, but I noticed the fine white butterfly-orchis, Phalaenopsis grandiflora, or a species closely allied to it.
Such are the blue bird's-eye, which just colours the mowing grass in shady spots and patches near the fence, and occasionally the bee-orchis and the butterfly-orchis.
White flowers are often fertilised by moths, and very frequently give out their scent only by night, as in our butterfly-orchis (Habenaria chlorantha); and they sometimes open only at night, as do many of the evening primroses and other flowers.
Look at this accursed diagram (Figure 9) of the butterfly-orchis [Habenaria], which I examined after writing to you yesterday, when I thought all my work done.