from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An oxide of zinc that collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed. Formerly applied to the mineral
- n. Calamine.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An oxide of zinc which collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed. Formerly applied to the mineral calamine.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name used by old writers for the native silicate and carbonate of zinc, and
- n. for the oxid of zinc which collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc happens to be present in an ore and is sublimed.
Strohmeyer coined the name cadmium, derived from the Latin word cadmia which means calamine.
The name calamine (G.rman, _G.lmei_), from _lapis calaminaris_, a Latin corruption of cadmia ([G.eek: kadmia]), the old name for zinc ores in general (G. Agricola in 1546 derived it from the Latin _calamus_, a reed), was early used indiscriminately for the carbonate and the hydrous silicate of zinc, and even now both species are included by miners under the same term.
For, apprehending that by lapis arojus Pliny un - derftood a kind of ftone which caufed ulcers and erofions in the flefli of thofe who were occu - pied in working it, and knowing that arfenic produced fuch an efFcft, they have concluded that cadmia was native arfenic* This, proba - bly, is a miftake, arifing from a misinterpretation of the word, arofus.
Prepared cadmia is highly commended by Pliny as ufeful in 3'iforders of the eyes, ft and it is ftill with us, under the more common appellation of cala - mine, in fome repute for the fame purpofe.