from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. Music With a gradual decrease in volume and often tempo. Used chiefly as a direction.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Gradually diminishing in rapidity and loudness.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In music, a direction to slacken the time and decrease the volume of tone gradually.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. gradually decreasing in tempo and volume


Italian, present participle of calare, to slacken, from Latin calāre, from Greek khalān.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)


  • My own favorite is calando, which I picked up from Webern.

    Fragende Ode


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