from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In ornithology: A large kind of lark, Melanocorypha calandra, with a stout bill, inhabiting southern Europe and northern Africa. The term has been the book-name of the species for centuries.
- noun [capitalized] Made by Lesson, in 1837, a generic name: a synonym of Melanocorypha. Also
- noun In the form Calandria, applied by Des Murs to the American mocking-thrushes of the genus Mimus.
- noun [capitalized] In entomology, a genus of weevils, typical of the family Calandridæ.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The Netherlands alone has recorded over four hundred and forty species of avifauna, including the threatened Ortolan bunting (Emberiza hortulana), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), Corn bunting (Miliaria calandra), and Spotted crake (Porzana porzana).
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Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra Photo: RSPB Louise Gray, Environment Correspondent
The corn bunting (Miliaria calandra) has become extinct as a breeding bird in Ireland and several of the remaining red-listed species are in danger of extinction including the common scoter (Melanitta nigra), black-necked grebe (Podiceps nigricollis), quail (Coturnix coturnix), red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) and nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus).
(calandra ` lark ') were so named because people believed larks to be remarkably witless.