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  • In addition to being a confidante of the Seljuq Sultan and his court in Isfahan, he now became closely connected to the caliphal court in Baghdad.

    Guess Who Was At The Party?

  • Though unquestionably the most influential Muslim of modern times, Khomeini could never transcend the seventh-century division of Islamic society into those who recognize the legitimacy of the caliphal succession to the Prophet Muhammad (the Sunnis) and "the party of Ali" (the Shi'a), who believe that only Muhammad's son-in-law and his descendants can rightfully rule the Islamic world.

    The Gospel According to Osama Bin Laden

  • The Mamluks maintained legitimacy at first through Ayyubid puppets and then, after 1261, through the presence of an Abbasid caliph, descended from a refugee of the caliphal family following the sack of Baghdad by the Mongols.


  • Ties with the caliphal government in Baghdad were slowly loosening, allowing the Egyptian administration to retain more of the country's revenue, build a large army, and assume a more independent role in regional affairs.

    e. Egypt and Syria

  • Only after the Umayyads had consolidated their authority as a caliphal dynasty in the 660s and had come to view the conquest of the Maghrib in the context of their confrontation with the Byzantine Empire was the systematic conquest of the Maghrib undertaken.

    Islam's War to Save the World

  • Largely because its teachings became an ideology through which the Berbers justified both their rebellion against the caliphs and their support of rulers who rejected caliphal authority, Islam gained wide appeal and spread rapidly among these fiercely independent peoples.

    Islam's War to Save the World

  • Since Kusaylah's profession of Islam implied his recognition of caliphal authority, it served as a basis for coexistence between him and the Arabs.

    Islam's War to Save the World

  • I summoned the secretaries and store-keepers and continued counting for months, during which I inspected treasures which I did not dream the caliphal stores contained. . .

    Scheherazade Goes West

  • The caliphal institution is still undoubtedly venerated in Islam.

    The New World of Islam

  • Pan-Islamic feeling than to the inherent potency of the caliphal name.

    The New World of Islam


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