from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A large black cap, usually of sheepskin or felt, worn in Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran, and neighboring regions.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Alternative spelling of calpack.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A large black cap of sheepskin worn by Armenians and Turks.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a high-crowned black cap (usually made of felt or sheepskin) worn by men in Turkey and Iran and the Caucasus


Ottoman Turkish qalpāq, from Old Turkic, probably ultimately from Middle Persian kulāfak, cap, diminutive of kulāf, hat.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)



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