from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A type of mist found on the west coast of South America by the Atacama Desert, which does not drop rain.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Vegetation types in the more northerly winter rainfall desert area include an extended band of coastal fog (camanchaca) desert and the more southerly inland desierto florido.
Small natural forests have developed using only the camanchaca moisture for survival.
Artificial collection of water from the camanchaca is believed to have been an ancient native tradition that has now been lost.
Consider the Chilean “fog catchers” of the Atacama desert, one of the world’s driest locales, who harness the camanchaca, or “creeping fog,” with an ingenious system of nets that trap fog droplets and turn them into potable water.