from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Irregular muscular contractions at the esophageal opening of the stomach.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
Sorry, no etymologies found.
There is no sphincteric muscular arrangement at the cardiac orifice of the esophagus, so that spasmodic stenosis at this level is not possible and the term cardiospasm is, therefore, a misnomer.
The site of spasmodic stenosis in the lower third, the so-called cardiospasm, was first demonstrated by the author to be located at the hiatus esophageus and the spasmodic contractions are of the specialized muscle fibers there encircling the esophagus, and might be termed "phrenospasm," or "hiatal esophagismus."
It was first demonstrated by the author that in so-called cardiospasm the functional closure of the esophagus occurred at the diaphragmatic level, and that it was due to the "diaphragmatic pinchcock."
_Treatment of hiatal esophagismus (so-called cardiospasm) _ consists in the over-dilatation of the "diaphragmatic pinchcock" or hiatus esophageus, and in proper remedial measures for the removal of the underlying neurosis.
Cardiospasm (Jun 24 2009 18: 12 GMT) cardiospasm Midede kardiyak sfinkterin a?