from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or pertaining to carpels
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Belonging to, forming, or containing carpels.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Belonging to or having some relation to a carpel.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. belonging to or forming or containing carpels
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The tulip has a tendency to produce double flowers: one specimen seen with a regular three-leaved perianth, eight stamina, and four carpellary ovary, angles opposite the outer perianth leaves; the upper leaf or bract has a tendency to become petaloid.
The deeper sulci visible externally correspond to the inflexions of the carpellary leaves; in addition to this, the centre of the dorsum of each of these is marked with a line.
In speaking of these as cases of intra-carpellary prolification, it is, of course, impossible to overlook the fact that they differ in degree only from those cases where the lengthened axis projects beyond the cavity of the carpels; nevertheless they seem to demand special notice, because in these particular plants the placenta or its prolongation appears never to protrude beyond the carpels, or at least very rarely.
The carpels in inferior ovaries seldom or never correspond to the lamina of the leaf, and between the vaginal portion of the carpellary leaf, and the axis who shall draw the distinction?
Another condition, apparently sometimes mistaken for prolification of the fruit, is that in which the carpellary whorl becomes multiplied; so that there is a second or even a third series within the outer whorl of carpels.
In all probability, however, the second seed would be accounted for by the development of two seeds in one carpellary cavity.
In other cases the placentas were parietal above, but axile at the base of the capsule, a striking instance of the facility with which axile placentation becomes parietal, the change being here effected by the prolongation of the axis, and the formation on it of a second whorl of carpellary leaves.
The orange is one of the plants most frequently subject to an augmentation in the number of carpellary whorls; sometimes this is due to the stamens assuming the guise of carpels, but at other times the increase occurs without any alteration in the stamens or other organs.
Again, the adventitious bud or carpel is placed, not laterally to the primary one, or opposite to it, on the same level, but slightly higher up -- in fact, in the axil of the primary carpellary leaf.
On the other hand, there are cases in which the leafy coat of the ovule, in place of being a distinct organ, seems to originate from the margin of the carpellary leaf itself -- to be, as it were, a lobule or small process of the carpel, and not an absolutely new growth.