from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The use of a linguistic unit, such as a pronoun, to refer ahead to another unit, for example, the use of him to refer to John in the sentence Near him, John saw a snake.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The use of a pronoun, or other linguistic unit, before the noun phrase to which it refers, sometimes used for rhetorical effect.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In pathology, a kind of lethargy or somnolency attended with short remissions or intervals of imperfect waking.


cata- + (ana)phora.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek καταφορά (kataphora, "a downward motion"), from κατά (kata, "downwards") + φέρω (pherō, "I carry"). (Wiktionary)



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