from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A bishop or patriarch of certain states or regions of the ancient Near East; now specifically, the patriarch of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, including the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Sis.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In the later Roman empire, a receiver-general or deputy-receiver in a civil diocese.
- n. Eccles., in Oriental countries: A primate having under him metropolitans, but himself subject to a patriarch.
- n. The head of an independent or schismatic communion.
- n. Also called catholic.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the ecclesiastical title of the leaders of the Nestorian and Armenian churches
Ukrainians, Ruthenians, Greeks, etc. etc. - everybody has his own sui iuris church, with its catholicos/patriarch/metropolitan/whatever, plenty of bishops ordinaries on the same territory.
Timothy I of Baghdad, catholicos of the East Syrian Church, 780-823: still a valuable model.
Nestorian catholicos, Subarjesus, sent to Pope Gregory IX an orthodox profession of faith and was admitted to union with the Church of
On being appointed catholicos he established a school at Seleucia, which soon became a great centre of Nestorian scholarship.
He lived twelve years after his deposition, and during that period no catholicos was appointed.
When Babaeus, himself a Nestorian, became catholicos, in 498, there were practically no more Catholics in those parts.
Antioch waived his right of ordaining the catholicos of
The first is the Patriarch of Etchmiadzin, who bears as a special title that of catholicos.
As his vicar, the metropolitan of the twin-cities of Seleucia and Ctesiphon (on either side of the Tigris, north-east of Babylon) bore the title of catholicos.
This patriarch is the person responsible to the Porte for his race, has the same privileges as his Orthodox rival, and now uses the jurisdiction over all Turkish Armeniansthat formerly belonged to the catholicos.