Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Designating those Indo-European languages, including the Italic, Hellenic, Celtic and Germanic subfamilies, that merged the palatal velar stops with the plain velars k, g, gh and maintained a distinction between them and the labiovelars kw, gw, gwh.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. referring to a Proto-Indo-European language group that did not produce sibilants from a series of palatovelar stops.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A hundred: used in the phrase per centum, by the hundred.

Etymologies

Latin, hundred (a word whose initial sound in classical Latin illustrates the preservation of the Indo-European palatal velar as a velar k).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin centum ("hundred"), the canonical example of a word retaining an original velar stop, as opposed to Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬇𐬩 (satəm). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Another strange and surprising example is the fact that the English word hundred and its Russian equivalent sto are also clearly connected with each other, and also with the various forms that Latin centum has developed into in the Romance languages.

    Surprising etymology

  • The amendment would first of all remove the Latin "centum" from Article IV of the state constitution and replaced it with the more 'Merkin "cent."

    Archive 2007-01-01

  • Whence it would appear that either the word "centum," a hundred, had slipped by mistake from Calvin's pen; or which is more probably, that, though the two Latin editions before the Editor, have the mistake, the more early ones were free from it.

    Commentary on Genesis - Volume 1

  • And the whole amount of the sums so to be assessed upon dwelling houses and slaves within each state respectively, shall be deducted from the sum hereby apportioned each state, and the remainder of the sum shall be assessed upon the lands within such state according to the valuations to be made pursuant to the act aforesaid, and at such per centum as will be sufficient to produce the said remainder ...

    The Volokh Conspiracy » Is the Health Care Mandate a Direct Tax?

  • New video: "Hackers Interrupt Buccaneers Promo" - don't miss a single thrilling centum!

    Random Caprican Culture

  • And the whole amount of the sums so to be assessed upon dwelling houses and slaves within each state respectively, shall be deducted from the sum hereby apportioned each state, and the remainder of the sum shall be assessed upon the lands within such state according to the valuations to be made pursuant to the act aforesaid, and at such per centum as will be sufficient to produce the said remainder...

    The Volokh Conspiracy » Is the Health Care Mandate a Direct Tax?

  • The word“cent,” ultimately from the Latin centum, was used in English to mean “hundred” before the year1400, according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

    The Grammarphobia Blog » Blog Archive » Franglais speaking

  • While the correct centum-satem correspondence between Greek -k- and Sanskrit -ś- is reassuring, it by no means validates the reconstruction.

    Battling the Indo-European axe

  • Fabulae centum ex antiquis auctoribus delectae et a Gabriele Faerno Cremonensi carminibus explicatae.

    Book of the Day: Faerno's Fables

  • Many of his motet texts are liturgical but three are secular and relate to political figures: O decus praises Granvelle; Nil pace est melius hails a treaty restoring possessions to Duke Moritz of Saxony; and Nunc enim si centum exalts Charles V. Most of the sacred texts are responsories or antiphons, so that many motets have two parts with a refrain, in the form aBcB.

    Archive 2009-06-01

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.