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- n. Plural form of centumvir.
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The importance of the business, which was decided in that court of justice, will be evident, if we compare it with the transactions before the centumvirs [c], who at present have cognizance of all matters whatever.
With the increase of legal proceedings, the tribunal of the centumvirs in which he presided acquired more weight and reputation.
At Rome, a better regulated republic, there were certain citizens chosen by the prætor who settled questions of fact, that is to say, decided whether an act had or had not been committed, whether a sum of money had or had not been paid; and the question of law was reserved for the centumvirs.
The centumvirs constituted a permanent tribunal composed of members annually elected, in equal numbers, from each tribe, and this tribunal was presided over by the praetor, and divided into four chambers, which, under the republic, was placed under the ancient quaestors.
The centumvirs decided questions of property, embracing a wide range of subjects.
With the increase of legal proceedings, the tribunal of the centumvirs, in which he presided, acquired more weight and reputation.