from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A genus of ruminants, including the red deer and other allied species.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The typical genus of the family Cervidæ and subfamily Cervinæ: formerly coextensive with the family, but now restricted to such species as the stag or reddeer of Europe (C. elaphus), the wapiti or elk of America (C. canadensis), and their immediate congeners.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the type genus of the Cervidae
Sorry, no etymologies found.
During the procession the famous Tract Sicut cervus is sung, the beginning of Psalm 41, which gave rise to the widespread custom of decorating baptisteries with images of deer drinking from a fountain.
In this case, the Tract Sicut cervus is sung while the water is brought to the font, and afterwards, the prayer which speaks of the deer as a symbol of the Christian people.
This comment was originally posted on Twitter cervus said at 4am on Jun 5th # |
There's this chaconne-like cantata BuxWV 92 "Quemadmodum desiderat cervus" -- the Psalm "As the hart desireth the waterbrook" auf Lateinsich -- that has a two-bar basso ostinato that's repeated 64 times.
The tract is Absolve domine rather than Sicut cervus, found in the earlier polyphonic requiems of Ockeghem and La Rue.
Pointedly, one other use that the medieval church made of Sicut cervus was during the Requiem or funeral Mass, when the soul proceeded from earth to its Promised Land.
The text of Sicut cervus directly quotes the Psalm text in its imagery: "As the deer thirsts for the waters, so my soul longs for Thee, O God!"
Sicut cervus desiderat ad fontes aquarum, ita desiderat anima mea ad te, Deus.
And that's why there was this Swedish fellow named Linnaeus who suggested that we all say "cervus elaphus" or "alces alces".
And for many more "stag beetle" terms, see Maria Fremlin's Vernacular and dialect names of Stag Beetles Lucanus cervus in various countries, from which you will learn that the Swedish name is ek 'oak' + oxe 'bull'; you will also find well over a dozen German names, the last of which is the cognate Eichochs.