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- n. A steroidal glycoalkaloid chemical compound found in plants of the family Solanaceae, responsible for the bitter taste of unripe potatoes.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
These include the solanine, arsenic, and chaconine in potatoes, the hydrogen cyanide in lima beans, and the hallucinogenic compound myristicin found in nutmeg, black pepper, and carrots.
Potatoes are notable for containing significant levels of the toxic alkaloids solanine and chaconine, a hint of whose bitterness is part of their true flavor.
Most commercial varieties contain 2 to 15 milligrams of solanine and chaconine per quarter-pound 100 grams of potato.
Within the dread spud we find solanine, chaconine, amylase inhibitors, and isoflavones -- which, respectively, cause gastrointestinal-tract irritation, harm your nervous system, interfere with digestive enzymes, and mimic female sex-hormone activity.