Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An acute contagious disease, primarily of children, that is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and characterized by skin eruptions, slight fever, and malaise. Also called varicella.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A common childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV-3).

Etymologies

Perhaps in allusion to the mildness of the disease as contrasted with smallpox.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
chicken +‎ pox (Wiktionary)

Examples

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