from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A compound formed by replacing with chlorin one or more hydroxyl-groups in a compound containing several such groups, especially the compounds formed from glycerol in this manner: as monochlorhydrin, CH2OHCHOHCH2Cl; trichlorhydrin, CH2ClCHClCH2Cl.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Chem.) One of a class of compounds formed from certain polybasic alcohols (and especially glycerin) by the substitution of chlorine for one or more hydroxyl groups.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun chemistry One of a
classof compoundsformed from certain polybasic alcohols(especially glycerin) by the substitutionof chlorinefor one or more hydroxyl groups.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
However, dormancy can be broken by holding the tubers at 20-30°C for 30-45 days (which are common ambient conditions in the tropics, ie dormancy is broken quickly in such climates), or by treating them with chemicals such as chlorhydrin, potassium or sodium thiocyanate, or gibberellic acid.
The tubers of D. alata have a definite period of dormancy of 2-4 months, which may be broken by treatment with ethylene chlorhydrin.
Most yams have a definite period of dormancy, but this may be broken by the use of a chemical such as ethylene chlorhydrin, where production of out-of-season tubers is required.
In a similar way, the number of the units for chlorhydrin, the next step, was increased from three to eighteen.
[Footnote A: Di-nitro-mono chlorhydrin, when added to nitro-glycerine up to 20 per cent., is said to prevent its freezing.] [Footnote B: _Isb.,