Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • See clithral.

Etymologies

Sorry, no etymologies found.

Examples

  • Hippocampus severnsi is distinguished from congeners in having a combination of: extremely small size (height 13 mm, standard length 15 mm); 12 trunk rings; 27 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 14 dorsal fin rays; 10 pectoral fin rays; anal fin small or absent; medium length snout which lacks a bulbous tip; raised, angular coronet; single gill opening on midline directly behind coronet supported by raised cleithral bone; scattered tubercles on trunk and tail; predominant colour dark brown (sometimes slightly marbled) with large, bright red patch covering dorsolateral surfaces of trunk rings 1-4; tiny white dots scattered all over; pale posterior section of tail with dark transverse bands.

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  • (double), laterally on head, on shoulder (cleithral) ring, bordering throat, and on superior trunk ridge; spines also present on lateral and ventral angles between trunk ridges and rings; spines on superior ridge of first and second trunk rings appear externally as if they are fused.

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  • Hippocampus pontohi, named after Indonesian dive guide Hence Pontoh, is distinguished from other congeners in having a combination of: extremely small size (height 14 mm, standard length 17 mm); 12 trunk rings; 26-28 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 14 dorsal fin rays; 9-10 pectoral fin rays; anal fin small or absent; brooding area in males anterior to anus; medium length snout which lacks a bulbous tip; raised, angular coronet; fused or almost fused gill-openings on midline behind coronet supported by raised cleithral girdle; scattered tubercles on trunk and tail; distinctive branching filaments

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  • Hippocampus satomiae is distinguished from congeners in having a combination of: extremely small size (height 11 mm, standard length 14 mm); 12 trunk rings; 27-28 tail rings; reduced ossification of inferior and ventral trunk ridges; 13 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; anal fin small or absent; brooding area in males anterior to anus; well-developed spine on snout between eyes; distinct raised coronet with laterally expanded anterior and posterior flanges ( 'H-shaped' when viewed from above); snout without a bulbous tip; single gill opening on midline directly behind coronet supported by raised cleithral bone; large spines above eyes

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