from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See union shop.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A business or industrial establishment whose employees are required to be union members as a precondition to employment.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a company that hires only union members


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • In so far as the closed shop is necessary as a means to reasonable conditions of employment, it will not be immoral, as against either the non-unionist or the employer.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 8: Infamy-Lapparent

  • Every broken strike in recent years, every legally plundered trades-union treasury, every closed shop made into an open shop, has driven the members of the working-class directly hurt over to socialism by hundreds and thousands.


  • But the sign over the closed shop simply read Nihonto.

    A Bob Lee Swagger eBook Boxed Set


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