from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Containing or forming a contrast; contrasting.
- adj. Linguistics Capable of distinguishing meaning; being in opposition: a phonological feature that is contrastive in one language but not in another.
- adj. Linguistics Pertaining to the study of structural contrasts: contrastive analysis.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. contrasting
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of the nature of or arising from contrast; due to contrast.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. strikingly different; tending to contrast
- adj. syntactically establishing a relation of contrast between sentences or elements of a sentence
- adj. of words so related that one contrasts with the other
Perhaps example number 10 could be explained as contrastive (or emphatic stress).
This takes conscious contrastive action towards achieving that goal.
It is contrastive experiences like these so close together that helped us understand how precious learning resources are and how critical access to these resources is for literacy development for individuals and their communities.
This third edition: – has 10 completely new units, including 9 new units on phrasal verbs to more thoroughly cover this important area for intermediate students. – has even more Additional Exercises, to offer more contrastive practice. – is in full colour and has a slightly larger format to look clearer and more inviting for students.
While reading egs 6 – 12 (five instances of him and one of me) I found myself constantly trying to make them work, and I could, by imputing dramatic or contrastive stress as Duncan says, or contextual harmony or creative (eg poetic) language play, or other discoursal pressures.
Perhaps example number 10 could be explained as contrastive or emphatic stress.
The only marginal exception, I think, would be cases with contrastive stress on the pronoun, e.g.
This is a feature of English that would be impossible in languages like Italian and Spanish as John Wells was saying the other day here, under the heading “nuclear-free zones”, where the stress truly is fixed, and shifted contrastive stress is not allowed.
These patterns are also changing: the dispute type is joining the contrastive stress group (again 68% to 32% preference for the traditional pattern according to LPD), while the contrastive group is losing the contrast by stressing the first syllable in both noun and verb (e.g. import and export).
It also serves as a contrastive subordinator like ‘but’, as in: He was reserving judgement, though he considered it a hopeful sign.