from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A perennial North American herb (Oxypolis rigidior) having pinnately compound leaves and umbels of small white flowers.
- n. Any of several related plants, such as the water hemlock.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of several related poisonous plants of the genus Cicuta; especially the water hemlock
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A poisonous umbelliferous plant; in England, the Cicuta virosa; in the United States, the Cicuta maculata and the Archemora rigida. See water hemlock.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A popular name of the Cicuta virosa, or water-hemlock: so named from its supposed injurious effect upon cows. See Cicuta.
- n. An American umbelliferous swamp-plant, Oxypolis rigidior, ranging from New York to Florida and westward to Minnesota and Louisiana, supposed to be poisonous to cattle. Also called hemlock-dropwort: and water-dropwort. See cut in middle column.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
They employ the dried roots of the cowbane (_Cicuta virosa_), the bruised buds of the Dutch myrtle, and have discovered methods of dyeing with various lichens.
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.
Twice or thrice pinnate leaves, toothed like a tenon saw, with conspicuous veins ending in the notches, brand it as the beaver poison, otherwise known as the musquash root and spotted cowbane.
The poisonous hemlocks are two, one of which, the common hemlock, is said to have been the plant from which the Athenians prepared their poison for executing citizens condemned to death; and the other, the water-hemlock, or cowbane, is particularly deadly when eaten by cattle, to which it is fatal in a very few hours.
The deepest colour is obtained from the dried root of a plant which from their description appears to be cowbane (Cicuta virosa).
'ache' refer not to the harmless water parsnip but to the poisonous water hemlock or cowbane.
The common name for water hemlock is the cowbane.’