from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A guild formed by the members of a craft; a trade-union.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
With the subdivision of labor and the development of new trades the craft-guild idea was extended to the new occupations, and a steady stream of rural labor flowing to the towns was absorbed by them and taught the elements of social usages, self - government, and the mastery of a trade.
For each master-carpenter represents much more than his own craft-guild: he has his clients in every trade related to house-building and house-furnishing; and you must not dream of trying to interfere with his claims and privileges.
The industrial plant doesn't create independent individuals, it creates individuals dependent on industrial technology instead of craft-guild technology.