from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Surgical removal of a portion of the cranium.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The surgical procedure for removing a part of the skull, called a bone flap, to relieve intracranial pressure.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Excision of a thin strip of the skull in a young child to relieve pressure on the brain.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
And I think what they're referring to is what's called a craniectomy, which is actually removing part of the bone, leaving it off.
During the procedure, called decompressive craniectomy, surgeons remove a section of skull 5 to 6 inches in diameter.
To let his brain swell and keep the blood flowing, thereby preventing the damage from worsening, doctors removed virtually the entire left side of his skull, a procedure known as a craniectomy.
Rounds was properly diagnosed he immediately went into surgery for a craniectomy.
Diuretics may then be administered intravenously to prevent further swelling and, in extreme cases, a craniectomy can be performed.
BRETT S.HLIFKA, NEUROS.RGEON, U.S. ARMY: What we do with a decompressive craniectomy is either unilateral or bilateral to counteract the swelling of the brain, because not only do we have to deal with the penetrating injuries, but the kinetic energy that's transferred that causes the brain to swell.
"I think it is fantastic, especially as she has endured such a radical procedure as a craniectomy partial-skull removal," says Ricky Madhok, a neurosurgeon at Cushing Neuroscience Institutes in Long Island, New York.
Surgeons had to remove part of Giffords' skull, most likely employing what's called a decompressive craniectomy, to allow the swelling brain to expand without being squeezed
The San Francisco hospital said Stow underwent a decompressive craniectomy in Los Angeles, a life-saving surgical procedure to remove a piece of the skull to relieve pressure caused by brain swelling resulting from the beating.
The surgeons removed the bone that was shattered by the bullet and additional bone around the entry wound to allow room for swelling of the brain caused by the injury, a process known as a craniectomy.