from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A natural carotenoid that is found in the flowers crocus and gardenia.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The coloring matter of Chinese yellow pods, the fruit of Gardenia grandiflora.
- n. A red powder (called also polychroite), which is made from the saffron (Crocus sativus). See polychroite.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A red powder (C16H18O6) formed, together with sugar and a volatile oil, when polychroite is decomposed by dilute acids.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The most abundant form, called crocin, is a molecular sandwich of one pigment molecule with a sugar molecule attached at each end.
There are three molecules that give saffron its distinct characteristics and they are safranal (aroma), picrocroin (bittersweet flavor) and crocin (coloring agent).
Apparently there is science behind the myth as recent research suggests that crocin and safranal have measurable antidepressant effects, Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2005; 97:281–4.
In case of a migraine attack, keep an analgesic like dispirin or crocin handy.
a substance called polychroite, or crocin; and its slightly stimulating properties depend upon a volatile oil.