from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Arranged in or forming a cross; cruciform.
  • adj. Overlapping or crossing, as the wings of some insects when at rest.
  • adj. Shaped like a cross: the cruciate ligaments of the knee.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. In the form of a cross; cruciform.
  • adj. Overlapping or crossing.
  • v. To torture; to torment.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Tormented.
  • adj. Having the leaves or petals arranged in the form of a cross; cruciform.
  • transitive v. To torture; to torment. [Obs.] See excruciate.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To torture; torment; afflict with extreme pain or distress; excruciate.
  • Tormented; excruciated.
  • In botany, having the form of a cross with equal arms, as the flowers of mustard, etc.; cruciform: applied also to tetraspores of red marine algæ. See tetraspore.
  • In zöol., crucial or cruciform; crossed or cross-shaped; specifically, in entomology, crossing each other diagonally in repose, as the wings of many hymenopterous insects and the hemelytra of the Heteroptera.
  • n. An obsolete form of crusade.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. shaped like a cross


New Latin cruciātus, from Latin crux, cruc-, cross.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin cruciatus. (Wiktionary)


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  • They are called cruciate because they cross each other somewhat like the lines of the letter X; and have received the names anterior and posterior, from the position of their attachments to the tibia.

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  • 'Everybody knows the cruciate is a bad injury but it is nowhere near as bad as it used to be.'

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  • "Everybody knows the cruciate is a bad injury but it is nowhere near as bad as it used to be."

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  • But when Bullard went down at West Ham he ruptured his cruciate which is a completely coincidental injury.

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  • What is so ludicrous in the case from last Wednesday was that not only was the person that the police did this too a Premiership footballer, but he was on crutches having undergone a major operation after suffering cruciate ligament damage in the Everton match against Newcastle some weeks ago and the police tried to take his crutches away from him.

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  • Essien has struggled at times to reproduce the irrepressible form he enjoyed before suffering cartilage and meniscus damage in his left knee a year ago – he suffered a cruciate ligament injury in the same joint two seasons ago – and has recently been affected by a toe injury.

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  • He tore the anterior cruciate ligament on Feb. 22, 2010, and had surgery a few weeks later.

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